WHAT IS LOW EMISSION?
Probably everyone has heard about low emission, but still not everyone knows what it really is.
Low emission is the emission of harmful gases and particulates at low altitude (up to 40 m) resulting from ineffective combustion of fuels (hard coal, charcoal, diesel oil, gasoline, etc.) in houses, cars and boiler rooms. It is the height of emitters (chimneys and other emission sources) that makes this phenomenon so harmful, as pollution accumulates around the source of emission, usually in the vicinity of dense housing.
Thanks to the accepted air emission standards set for particular substances, industrial pollutions are not the largest source of air pollution nowadays. The problem is mainly with emissions from local boiler rooms and individual furnaces. Therefore, the quality of fuel for heating houses and the furnaces which we use for this purpose affect the quality of air we breathe and our health! How can we help ourselves?
- Consider changing a heating system in your house. If possible, replace an old boiler or coal stove with an ecological heat source, or connect to a district heating system. Take advantage of co-financing offers, for example, from the local government (communes and municipalities).
- Use good quality fuel from certified and reliable sources. Buy coal with high calorific value – burning waste coal (fine coal, coal slurry and coal flotation concentrate) is ineffective and very harmful to health.
- Do not burn trash!
- Ensure a good insulation of your house or flat. Do not let the heat “escape” through leaky doors and windows, and thin walls and the roof.
- Fumes and the so-called secondary dusting also affect the quality of air we breathe. Use public transport and a bicycle, and if you cannot stop driving a car, do not travel alone. Carpooling (i.e. travelling by car with others and sharing travel costs) is more ecological.